September through October is when garden mums are in their glory, but the flowering season actually begins in late summer and continues until heavy frost , sometimes as late as November. Individual flowers on the plants can last from three to six weeks High temperatures and lack of water shorten the flowering period. Secondly, because these chrysanthemum flowers are bought specifically for fall flower displays, even folks living in zones warm enough for them to be perennials often fail to plant them early enough to allow them to become established: They should be planted at least weeks before a killing frost , and . Simple to grow and relatively inexpensive, they are a favorite with.
In the early spring, start watering to encourage growth. Varieties not covered by Plant Breeders Rights should be propagated from soft cuttings, to provide strong plants for the following season.
Chrysanthemum seeds should be sown into the prepared soil where they are to bloom at least months prior to the first frost. Seeds may also be started indoors in very early spring for . Millions are sold as annuals every year, the pots set on patios, the brilliant colors enjoyed until just after frost and then the plant is thrown away. Pity, because Mums offer so much more.
Chrysanthemums seem to be the most misunderstood and mislabeled plant at most garden centers. A little frost last night, perhaps a dusting of snow ? What are those brightly colored flowers doing shining through such a cold environment. Mums are indeed hardy, and usually among the last . Keep watering your mums up until the first frost.
After the first frost , apply a layer of mulch or straw around the base of plant to insulate for the winter. Remove the dead mum pieces and replace the old mulch in the spring once the mum begins growing. If you want your mum to bloom again in the fall, then continuously prune. They have long evoked visions of dollar-store plastic . The leaves of the plant will die back and become brown after a few hard frosts have hit your area.
But take heart, for the fall garden offers all these flower shapes from just one plant , the chrysanthemum. Hundreds of hardy cultivars provide an. Thick frost on my hood looks like a big chrysanthemum. Plant chrysanthemums in spring after all danger of frost has passed.
Small plants derived from rooted cuttings, divisions, or rooted suckers of old plants can be used. Larger container plants purchased from garden centers may be planted anytime during the spring, summer, or early fall. Chrysanthemum may be grown from seed sown early indoors and transplanted outside after frost , or sown directly in the garden in summer, or grown from potted plants. Sowing Seed Indoors: Sow chrysanthemum seeds indoors months before last spring frost date using a seed starting kit.
They can also be planted in late summer and autumn once their roots have over six weeks to fully establish before frost or very hot weather. Most garden mums should be able to endure a light fall frost. You can always add a layer of mulch around them to protect them from . For the amateur gardener the large-flowered commercial kinds are of relativelj- less value, unless he lives in a climate where frosts come late or not at all.
There are, however, enough kinds which he can grow to more than make up for any lack of flowers of this type.
In fact, there are chrysanthemums for almost all outdoor .